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Journal Articles Journal of Laser Applications Year : 2021

Transient Dynamics and Stability of Keyhole at Threshold Investigated by Finite Element Modeling

Abstract

A Finite Element (FE) model is developed with a commercial code, to investigate the keyhole dynamics and stability at keyhole threshold, a fusion regime characteristic to laser micro-welding or to Laser Powder Bed Fusion (LPBF). The model includes relevant physics to treat the hydrodynamic problemsurface tension, Marangoni stress and recoil pressure-as well as a self-consistent ray-tracing algorithm to account for the "beam-trapping" effect. Implemented in both static and scanning laser configurations, the model successfully reproduces some key features that most recent x-ray images have exhibited. The dynamics of the liquid/gas interface is analyzed, in line with the distribution of the absorbed intensity as well as with the increase of the keyhole energy coupling. Based on these results, new elements are provided to discuss our current understanding of the keyhole formation and stability at threshold.

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Materials
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Dates and versions

hal-03160606 , version 2 (05-03-2021)
hal-03160606 , version 1 (21-12-2021)

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Yaasin A Mayi, Morgan Dal, Patrice Peyre, Michel Bellet, Charlotte Metton, et al.. Transient Dynamics and Stability of Keyhole at Threshold Investigated by Finite Element Modeling. Journal of Laser Applications, 2021, 33 (1), pp.012024. ⟨10.2351/7.0000330⟩. ⟨hal-03160606v1⟩
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