Identification of a GH110 Subfamily of ␣1,3-Galactosidases: NOVEL ENZYMES FOR REMOVAL OF THE ␣3GAL XENOTRANSPLANTATION ANTIGEN - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Biological Chemistry Year : 2008

Identification of a GH110 Subfamily of ␣1,3-Galactosidases: NOVEL ENZYMES FOR REMOVAL OF THE ␣3GAL XENOTRANSPLANTATION ANTIGEN

Qiyong P Liu
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Huaiping Yuan
  • Function : Author
Eric P Bennett
  • Function : Author
Steven B Levery
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Edward Nudelman
  • Function : Author
Jean Spence
  • Function : Author
Greg Pietz
  • Function : Author
Kristen Saunders
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Thayer White
  • Function : Author
Martin L Olsson
  • Function : Author
Henrik Clausen

Abstract

In search of α-galactosidases with improved kinetic properties for removal of the immunodominant α1,3-linked galactose residues of blood group B antigens, we recently identified a novel prokaryotic family of α-galactosidases (CAZy GH110) with highly restricted substrate specificity and neutral pH optimum (Liu, Q. P., Sulzenbacher, G., Yuan, H., Bennett, E. P., Pietz, G., Saunders, K., Spence, J., Nudelman, E., Levery, S. B., White, T., Neveu, J. M., Lane, W. S., Bourne, Y., Olsson, M. L., Henrissat, B., and Clausen, H. (2007) Nat. Biotechnol. 25, 454–464). One member of this family from Bacteroides fragilis had exquisite substrate specificity for the branched blood group B structure Galα1–3(Fucα1–2)Gal, whereas linear oligosaccharides terminated by α1,3-linked galactose such as the immunodominant xenotransplantation epitope Galα1–3Galβ1–4GlcNAc did not serve as substrates. Here we demonstrate the existence of two distinct subfamilies of GH110 in B. fragilis and thetaiotaomicron strains. Members of one subfamily have exclusive specificity for the branched blood group B structures, whereas members of a newly identified subfamily represent linkage specific α1,3-galactosidases that act equally well on both branched blood group B and linear α1,3Gal structures. We determined by one-dimensional 1H NMR spectroscopy that GH110 enzymes function with an inverting mechanism, which is in striking contrast to all other known α-galactosidases that use a retaining mechanism. The novel GH110 subfamily offers enzymes with highly improved performance in enzymatic removal of the immunodominant α3Gal xenotransplantation epitope.
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hal-03160511 , version 1 (05-03-2021)

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Qiyong P Liu, Huaiping Yuan, Eric P Bennett, Steven B Levery, Edward Nudelman, et al.. Identification of a GH110 Subfamily of ␣1,3-Galactosidases: NOVEL ENZYMES FOR REMOVAL OF THE ␣3GAL XENOTRANSPLANTATION ANTIGEN. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 2008, 283 (13), pp.8545-8554. ⟨10.1074/jbc.M709020200⟩. ⟨hal-03160511⟩
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