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A Galoisian proof of Ritt theorem on the differential transcendence of Poincar\'e functions

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Abstract

Using Galois theory of functional equations, we give a new proof of the main result of the paper "Transcendental transcendency of certain functions of Poincar\'e" by J.F. Ritt, on the differential transcendence of the solutions of the functional equation R(y(t))=y(qt), where R is a rational function with complex coefficients which verifies R(0)=0, R'(0)=q, where q is a complex number with |q|>1. We also give a partial result in the case of an algebraic function R.

Dates and versions

hal-03146286 , version 1 (18-02-2021)

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Lucia Di Vizio, Gwladys Fernandes. A Galoisian proof of Ritt theorem on the differential transcendence of Poincar\'e functions. 2021. ⟨hal-03146286⟩
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