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Journal Articles Quantum Year : 2021

Witnessing Wigner Negativity


Negativity of the Wigner function is arguably one of the most striking non-classical features of quantum states. Beyond its fundamental relevance, it is also a necessary resource for quantum speedup with continuous variables. As quantum technologies emerge, the need to identify and characterize the resources which provide an advantage over existing classical technologies becomes more pressing. Here we derive witnesses for Wigner negativity of quantum states, based on fidelities with Fock states, which can be reliably measured using standard detection setups. They possess a threshold expected value indicating whether the measured state exhibits the desired property or not. We phrase the problem of finding the threshold values for our witnesses as an infinite-dimensional linear optimisation. By relaxing and restricting the corresponding linear programs, we derive two hierarchies of semidefinite programs, which provide numerical sequences of increasingly tighter upper and lower bounds for the threshold values. We further show that both sequences converge to the threshold value. Moreover, our witnesses form a complete family - each Wigner negative state is detected by at least one witness - thus providing a reliable method for experimentally witnessing Wigner negativity of quantum states from few measurements. From a foundational perspective, our work provides insights on the set of positive Wigner functions which still lacks a proper characterisation.

Dates and versions

hal-03140448 , version 1 (12-02-2021)



Ulysse Chabaud, Pierre-Emmanuel Emeriau, Frédéric Grosshans. Witnessing Wigner Negativity. Quantum, 2021, 5, pp.471. ⟨10.22331/q-2021-06-08-471⟩. ⟨hal-03140448⟩
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