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Journal Articles Quantum Science and Technology Year : 2020

Quantum versus Classical Generative Modelling in Finance


Finding a concrete use case for quantum computers in the near term is still an open question, with machine learning typically touted as one of the first fields which will be impacted by quantum technologies. In this work, we investigate and compare the capabilities of quantum versus classical models for the task of generative modelling in machine learning. We use a real world financial dataset consisting of correlated currency pairs and compare two models in their ability to learn the resulting distribution - a restricted Boltzmann machine, and a quantum circuit Born machine. We provide extensive numerical results indicating that the simulated Born machine always at least matches the performance of the Boltzmann machine in this task, and demonstrates superior performance as the model scales. We perform experiments on both simulated and physical quantum chips using the Rigetti forest platform, and also are able to partially train the largest instance to date of a quantum circuit Born machine on quantum hardware. Finally, by studying the entanglement capacity of the training Born machines, we find that entanglement typically plays a role in the problem instances which demonstrate an advantage over the Boltzmann machine.

Dates and versions

hal-03096993 , version 1 (05-01-2021)



Brian Coyle, Maxwell Henderson, Justin Chan Jin Le, Niraj Kumar, Marco Paini, et al.. Quantum versus Classical Generative Modelling in Finance. Quantum Science and Technology, 2020, ⟨10.1088/2058-9565/abd3db⟩. ⟨hal-03096993⟩
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