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Journal Articles Physical Review Fluids Year : 2021

Mixing and unmixing induced by active camphor particles


In this experimental study, we report on the mixing properties of interfacial colloidal floaters (glass bubbles) by chemical and hydrodynamical currents generated by self-propelled camphor disks swimming at the air-water interface. Despite reaching a statistically stationary state for the glass bubbles distribution, those floaters always remain only partially mixed. This intermediate state results from a competition between (i) the mixing induced by the disordered motion of many camphor swimmers and (ii) the unmixing promoted by the chemical cloud attached to each individual self-propelled disk. Mixing/unmixing is characterized globally using the standard deviation of concentration and spectra, but also more locally by averaging the concentration field around a swimmer. Besides the demixing process, the system develops a "turbulent-like" concentration spectra, with a large-scale region, an inertial regime and a Batchelor region. We show that unmixing is due to the Marangoni flow around the camphor swimmers, and is associated to compressible effects.
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hal-03092757 , version 1 (02-01-2021)
hal-03092757 , version 2 (27-01-2021)



Clément Gouiller, Florence Raynal, Laurent Maquet, Mickaël Bourgoin, Cécile Cottin-Bizonne, et al.. Mixing and unmixing induced by active camphor particles. Physical Review Fluids, 2021, 6 (1), pp.014501. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevFluids.6.014501⟩. ⟨hal-03092757v2⟩
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