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Journal Articles Journal of Productivity Analysis Year : 2020

Performance analysis for three pillars of sustainability

Hervé Leleu
Zhiyang Shen
Vivian Valdmanis
  • Function : Author


Gross domestic product (GDP) has come under criticism as the only objective countries’ should pursue for societal well-being. In this paper we apply an innovative Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) approach for including two other pillars including an environmental dimension, reduction of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and a social dimension such as: increasing employment, and expanding healthcare and education expenditures. By linking together three DEA sub-technologies, we model a global technology which combines the objectives of the three pillars. Finally, by weighting each of them by different schemes, we demonstrate the practicality of our approach for policy tradeoffs governments can make among economic, environmental and social objectives.

Dates and versions

hal-03046676 , version 1 (08-12-2020)



Jean-Philippe Boussemart, Hervé Leleu, Zhiyang Shen, Vivian Valdmanis. Performance analysis for three pillars of sustainability. Journal of Productivity Analysis, 2020, 53 (3), pp.305-320. ⟨10.1007/s11123-020-00575-9⟩. ⟨hal-03046676⟩
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