Overcoming the thermal stability limit of chalcogenide Phase‐Change Materials for high‐Temperature applications in GeSe$_{1−x}$ Te$_x$ thin films - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles physica status solidi (RRL) - Rapid Research Letters Year : 2020

Overcoming the thermal stability limit of chalcogenide Phase‐Change Materials for high‐Temperature applications in GeSe$_{1−x}$ Te$_x$ thin films

Valentina Giordano

Abstract

The electrical, optical, and structural properties of GeSe1−xTex phase‐change materials thin films with 0.16 ≤ x ≤1 prepared by cosputtering of GeSe and GeTe targets are studied. The crystallization temperature of the films increases significantly when the Te content decreases. Se‐rich films show an extremely large electrical contrast between their amorphous and crystalline states. A high polarizability of the crystalline phase is observed in the entire x range and is related to the presence of metavalent bonds. This is explained by the persistence of a rhombohedral crystalline phase, isostructural to GeTe, in the GeSe1−xTex films down to x = 0.16. Hence, the substitution of only 16 at% of the Se atoms by Te atoms transforms the covalent GeSe into a phase‐change material with a huge and unprecedented contrast of resistivity (up to 11 orders of magnitude) and a very high thermal stability (up to 10 years at 272 °C) for an alloy exhibiting no phase separation upon crystallization. This outstanding combination of properties makes Se‐rich GeSe1−xTex thin films extremely promising for integration in memory devices requiring a very high data retention such as automotive and embedded applications.
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Dates and versions

hal-03037216 , version 1 (02-11-2021)

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Martina Tomelleri, Françoise Hippert, Thierry Farjot, Christophe Licitra, Nicolas Vaxelaire, et al.. Overcoming the thermal stability limit of chalcogenide Phase‐Change Materials for high‐Temperature applications in GeSe$_{1−x}$ Te$_x$ thin films. physica status solidi (RRL) - Rapid Research Letters, 2020, 15, pp.2000451. ⟨10.1002/pssr.202000451⟩. ⟨hal-03037216⟩
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