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Journal Articles Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society Year : 2021

The clustering of critical points in the evolving cosmic web

J. Shim
  • Function : Author
D. Pogosyan
  • Function : Author
C. Cadiou

Abstract

Focusing on both small separations and baryonic acoustic oscillation scales, the cosmic evolution of the clustering properties of peak, void, wall, and filament-type critical points is measured using two-point correlation functions in ΛCDM dark matter simulations as a function of their relative rarity. A qualitative comparison to the corresponding theory for Gaussian random fields allows us to understand the following observed features: (i) the appearance of an exclusion zone at small separation, whose size depends both on rarity and signature (i.e. the number of negative eigenvalues) of the critical points involved; (ii) the amplification of the baryonic acoustic oscillation bump with rarity and its reversal for cross-correlations involving negatively biased critical points; (iii) the orientation-dependent small-separation divergence of the cross-correlations of peaks and filaments (respectively voids and walls) that reflects the relative loci of such points in the filament’s (respectively wall’s) eigenframe. The (cross-) correlations involving the most non-linear critical points (peaks, voids) display significant variation with redshift, while those involving less non-linear critical points seem mostly insensitive to redshift evolution, which should prove advantageous to model. The ratios of distances to the maxima of the peak-to-wall and peak-to-void over that of the peak-to-filament cross-correlation are |${\sim} \sqrt{2}$| and |${\sim} \sqrt{3}$|⁠, respectively, which could be interpreted as the cosmic crystal being on average close to a cubic lattice. The insensitivity to redshift evolution suggests that the absolute and relative clustering of critical points could become a topologically robust alternative to standard clustering techniques when analysing upcoming surveys such as Euclid or Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST).
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Dates and versions

hal-03034749 , version 1 (05-05-2023)

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J. Shim, S. Codis, C. Pichon, D. Pogosyan, C. Cadiou. The clustering of critical points in the evolving cosmic web. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 2021, 502 (3), pp.3885-3910. ⟨10.1093/mnras/stab263⟩. ⟨hal-03034749⟩
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