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Journal Articles Scientific Reports Year : 2020

Longevity strategies in response to light in the reef coral Stylophora pistillata

Gallic Beauchef
  • Function : Author
Christelle Guéré
  • Function : Author
Katell Vié
  • Function : Author
Sylvie Tambutté


Aging is a multifactorial process that results in progressive loss of regenerative capacity and tissue function while simultaneously favoring the development of a large array of age-related diseases. Evidence suggests that the accumulation of senescent cells in tissue promotes both normal and pathological aging. Oxic stress is a key driver of cellular senescence. Because symbiotic long-lived reef corals experience daily hyperoxic and hypoxic transitions, we hypothesized that these long-lived animals have developed specific longevity strategies in response to light. We analyzed transcriptome variation in the reef coral Stylophora pistillata during the day–night cycle and revealed a signature of the FoxO longevity pathway. We confirmed this pathway by immunofluorescence using antibodies against coral FoxO to demonstrate its nuclear translocation. Through qPCR analysis of nycthemeral variations of candidate genes under different light regimens, we found that, among genes that were specifically up- or downregulated upon exposure to light, human orthologs of two “light-up” genes (HEY1 and LONF3) exhibited anti-senescence properties in primary human fibroblasts. Therefore, these genes are interesting candidates for counteracting skin aging. We propose a large screen for other light-up genes and an investigation of the biological response of reef corals to light (e.g., metabolic switching) to elucidate these processes and identify effective interventions for promoting healthy aging in humans.
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Origin : Publication funded by an institution

Dates and versions

hal-03013729 , version 1 (23-11-2020)



Alexandre Ottaviani, Rita Eid, Didier Zoccola, Mélanie Pousse, Jean-Marc Dubal, et al.. Longevity strategies in response to light in the reef coral Stylophora pistillata. Scientific Reports, 2020, 10, pp.19937. ⟨10.1038/s41598-020-76925-2⟩. ⟨hal-03013729⟩
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