PDE2 regulates membrane potential, respiration and permeability transition of rodent subsarcolemmal cardiac mitochondria - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Mitochondrion Year : 2019

PDE2 regulates membrane potential, respiration and permeability transition of rodent subsarcolemmal cardiac mitochondria

Abstract

Cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) production regulates certain aspects of mitochondria function in rodent cardiomyocytes, such as ATP production, oxygen consumption, calcium import and mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT), but how this cAMP pool is controlled is not well known. Here, expression, localization and activity of several cAMP-degrading enzymes, i.e. phosphodiesterases (PDEs), were investigated in isolated rodent cardiac mitochondria. In contrast to the heart ventricle where PDE4 is the major PDE, in cardiac mitochondria, cGMP-stimulated PDE2 activity was largest than PDE3 and PDE4 activities. PDE2 expression was mainly detected in subsarcolemmal mitochondria in association with the inner membrane rather than in interfibrillar mitochondria. PDE2, 3 and 4 activities were further confirmed in neonatal rat cardiomyocytes by real time FRET analysis. In addition, the pharmacological inhibition or the cardiac-specific overexpression of PDE2 modulated mitochondrial membrane potential loss, MPT and calcium import. In mitochondria isolated from PDE2 transgenic mice with a cardiac selective PDE2 overexpression, the oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) was significantly lower than in wild-type mice, but stimulated by cGMP. Thus, cAMP degradation by PDEs represents a new regulatory mechanism of mitochondrial function.
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Dates and versions

hal-02356190 , version 1 (22-10-2021)

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Attribution - NonCommercial

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Dawei Liu, Zhenyu Wang, Valérie Nicolas, Marta Lindner, Delphine Mika, et al.. PDE2 regulates membrane potential, respiration and permeability transition of rodent subsarcolemmal cardiac mitochondria. Mitochondrion, 2019, 47, pp.64-75. ⟨10.1016/j.mito.2019.05.002⟩. ⟨hal-02356190⟩
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