Chikungunya, La Réunion et Mayotte, 2005-2006 : une épidémie sans histoire ? - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Santé Publique Year : 2007

[Chikungunya, La Réunion and Mayotte, 2005-2006: an epidemic without a story?].

Chikungunya, La Réunion et Mayotte, 2005-2006 : une épidémie sans histoire ?

Antoine Flahault
  • Function : Author
Gilles Aumont
  • Function : Author
Véronique Boisson
  • Function : Author
Xavier de Lamballerile
  • Function : Author
François Favier
  • Function : Author
Bernard-Alex Gaüzère
  • Function : Author
Sophie Journeaux
  • Function : Author
Vincent Lotteau
Marie-Anne Sanquer
  • Function : Author
Michel Setbon
  • Function : Author


Many triggering factors for onset of emerging infectious diseases are now recognised, such as: globalisation, demographic increase, population movements, international trade, urbanisation, forest destruction, climate changes, loss in biodiversity, and extreme life conditions such as poverty, famine and war. Epidemic burden is often leading to disasters, in terms of human losses, as well as economic, political or social consequences. These outbreaks may jeopardize within a few weeks or months, industry, trade, or tourism. While dengue and its most severe forms (hemorrhagic and shock syndrome) is spreading all over the tropical world, another arbovirosis, chikungunya disease dramatically spread in Indian Ocean islands where 30 to 75% of population were infected in 2005 and 2006, and then extended its progression towards India, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Malaysia, Maldives islands with more than a million people infected with the East-African strain, replacing the former Asian strain which was known to prevail more than 30 years ago in India. Patients experience sequelae with disability, work loss, and rarely severe outcome recently identified in La Réunion and Mayotte (French overseas territories). No country, no part of the world may consider itself as protected against such events. However, consequences of emerging or re-emerging diseases are more and more unacceptable when they impact the poorest countries of the world. Viruses, bacteria, as well as wild animals, birds, or arthropods are not stopped by borders. It is time now to promote barriers against infectious diseases, including prevention, anticipation, disease surveillance and research. This is not only for humanitarian reasons, but also for contributing to a sustainable development with equity for worldwide population. This report presents comprehensive actions taken in 2006 for tracing the epidemic and mobilise research, as requested to the task force set up by the Prime Minister by March 20, 2006.
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hal-03002512 , version 1 (12-11-2020)


  • HAL Id : hal-03002512 , version 1
  • PUBMED : 17929405


Antoine Flahault, Gilles Aumont, Véronique Boisson, Xavier de Lamballerile, François Favier, et al.. Chikungunya, La Réunion et Mayotte, 2005-2006 : une épidémie sans histoire ?. Santé Publique, 2007, 19 Suppl 3, pp.S165-95. ⟨hal-03002512⟩
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