Physicochemical, foaming and biological properties of lowly irritant anionic sugar-based surfactants - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects Year : 2020

Physicochemical, foaming and biological properties of lowly irritant anionic sugar-based surfactants

Muriel Vayssade

Abstract

Surface-active compounds derived from biomass, especially sugar-based amphiphiles, have received wide attention regarding their biodegradability, low toxicity and ecological acceptability. Compared to nonionic sugar-based surfactants, the anionic ones show significantly better solubility, higher surface activity and foaming performance. Thus they are largely used in personal care formulations and many technological applications. However, anionic surfactants are well known to induce skin and eye irritation. In this study, three sugar-based anionic surfactants, bearing a lipidic chain grafted to the anomeric position of a monosaccharide (glucose or xylose) and a sulfate group on the primary hydroxyl, were synthesized: 6-O-sulfo-N-(β-d-glucopyranosyl) dodecanamide (GlcNC12S), N-dodecyl-6-O-sulfo-d-gluconamide (GlcCC12S) and N-dodecyl-6-O-sulfo-d-xylonamide (XylCC12S). These molecules were investigated in details for their self-assembling behavior, foaming properties and biological effects. All their properties were compared to those of two commercially available anionic surfactants, sodium laureth sulfate (SLES) and sodium dodecylsulfate (SDS). Results revealed that the three anionic glycolipids show surface properties and foaming behavior comparable to those of SDS. Furthermore, their cytotoxic and irritation potentials are significantly lower compared to commercial molecules, which make these renewable molecules potential candidates for replacement of petroleum-based compounds.
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hal-02946872 , version 1 (09-09-2022)

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Rémy Bois, Bemba Abdellahi, Benjamin Mika, Séma Golonu, Pascale Vigneron, et al.. Physicochemical, foaming and biological properties of lowly irritant anionic sugar-based surfactants. Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, 2020, 607, pp.125525. ⟨10.1016/j.colsurfa.2020.125525⟩. ⟨hal-02946872⟩
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