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Journal Articles Humanities and Social Sciences Communications Year : 2021

Computational appraisal of gender representativeness in popular movies

Approche computationnelle à la représentativité de genre dans les films grand public

Telmo Menezes

Abstract

Gender representation in mass media has long been mainly studied by qualitatively analyzing content. This article illustrates how automated computational methods may be used in this context to scale up such empirical observations and increase their resolution and significance. We specifically apply a face and gender detection algorithm on a broad set of popular movies spanning more than three decades to carry out a large-scale appraisal of the on-screen presence of women and men. Beyond the confirmation of a strong under-representation of women, we exhibit a clear temporal trend towards a fairer representativeness. We further contrast our findings with respect to movie genre, budget, and various audience-related features such as movie gross and user ratings. We lastly propose a fine description of significant asymmetries in the mise-en-scène and mise-en-cadre of characters in relation to their gender and the spatial composition of a given frame.
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Dates and versions

hal-02944000 , version 1 (21-09-2020)
hal-02944000 , version 2 (31-12-2021)

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Antoine Mazières, Telmo Menezes, Camille Roth. Computational appraisal of gender representativeness in popular movies. Humanities and Social Sciences Communications, 2021, 8, pp.137. ⟨10.1057/s41599-021-00815-9⟩. ⟨hal-02944000v2⟩
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