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Journal Articles IEEE Access Year : 2020

Proactive Data Center Management Using Predictive Approaches


Data Center (DC) management aims at promptly serving user requests while minimizing the energy consumed. This is achieved by turning off unnecessary servers to save energy and adapting the number of servers that are on to the time-varying and heterogeneous user requests. A great change in the number of servers on leads to a considerable management effort, also called control effort in the literature, which should be reduced as much as possible. Since feedback control can improve the performance of computing systems and networks, we propose to use it to achieve this dynamic capacity provisioning of the DC. In order to design this feedback control, first, we developed a dynamic model of the DC. The purpose of this paper is to design a feedback control strategy based on the DC model, able to optimize i) the Quality of Service, ii) the energy consumed and iii) the management effort. A simple Reactive open-loop Control which provides an amount of energy equal to the amount requested in the previous time interval is considered as a benchmark for comparison. Second, two feedback controls based on the balance equations of the DC are studied, namely i) Reactive Feedback Control providing an amount of energy equal to that provided by the reactive open-loop control but adding the accumulated demand that has not yet been served, and ii) Model Predictive Control optimizing a constrained cost that weights the management effort and the prediction error. Reactive Control, Reactive Feedback Control and Model Predictive Control are compared in terms of energy consumed, energy error and management effort. Quantitative results of the comparative performance evaluation are given, based on a data set collected from a real DC. INDEX TERMS Data center management, energy efficiency, quality of service, dynamic capacity provi-sioning, reactive control, reactive feedback control, model predictive control.
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hal-02941482 , version 1 (22-09-2020)


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Ruben Milocco, Pascale Minet, Eric Renault, Selma Boumerdassi. Proactive Data Center Management Using Predictive Approaches. IEEE Access, 2020, 8, pp.161776-161786. ⟨10.1109/ACCESS.2020.3020940⟩. ⟨hal-02941482⟩
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