Evaluating stratospheric ozone and water vapor changes in CMIP6 models from 1850-2100 - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Preprints, Working Papers, ... Year : 2020

Evaluating stratospheric ozone and water vapor changes in CMIP6 models from 1850-2100

James Keeble
Antara Banerjee
  • Function : Author
Gabriel Chiodo
  • Function : Author
Paul Griffiths
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 1036714
Peer Nowack
  • Function : Author
Greg Bodeker
  • Function : Author
Lijuan Li
  • Function : Author
Sungsu Park
  • Function : Author
Tongwen Wu

Abstract

Stratospheric ozone and water vapour are key components of the Earth system, and past and future changes to both have important impacts on global and regional climate. Here we evaluate long-term changes in these species from the pre-industrial (1850) to the end of the 21st century in CMIP6 models under a range of future emissions scenarios. There is good agreement between the CMIP multi-model mean and observations, although there is substantial variation between the individual CMIP6 models. For the CMIP6 multi-model mean, global total column ozone (TCO) has increased from 300 DU in 1850 to 305 DU in 1960, before rapidly declining in the 1970s and 1980s following the use and emission of halogenated ozone depleting substances (ODSs). TCO is projected to return to 1960s values by the middle of the 21st century under the SSP2-4.5, SSP3-7.0, SSP4-3.4, SSP4-6.0 and SSP5-8.5 scenarios, and under the SSP3-7.0 and SSP5-8.5 scenarios TCO values are projected to be 10 DU higher than the 1960s values by 2100. However, under the SSP1-1.9 and SSP1-1.6 scenarios, TCO is not projected to return to the 1960s values despite reductions in halogenated ODSs due to decreases in tropospheric ozone mixing ratios. This global pattern is similar to regional patterns, except in the tropics where TCO under most scenarios is not projected to return to 1960s values, either through reductions in tropospheric ozone under SSP1-1.9 and SSP1-2.6, or through reductions in lower stratospheric ozone resulting from an acceleration of the Brewer-Dobson Circulation under other SSPs. CMIP6 multi-model mean stratospheric water vapour mixing ratios in the tropical lower stratosphere have increased by about 0.5 ppmv from the pre-industrial to the present day and are projected to increase further by the end of the 21st century. The largest increases (about 2 ppmv) are simulated under the future scenarios with the highest assumed forcing pathway (e.g. SSP5-8.5). Both TCO and tropical lower stratospheric water vapour show large variability following explosive volcanic eruptions.

Dates and versions

hal-02889861 , version 1 (05-07-2020)

Identifiers

Cite

James Keeble, Birgit Hassler, Antara Banerjee, Ramiro Checa-Garcia, Gabriel Chiodo, et al.. Evaluating stratospheric ozone and water vapor changes in CMIP6 models from 1850-2100. 2020. ⟨hal-02889861⟩
261 View
0 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Mastodon Facebook X LinkedIn More