Repeated KI prophylaxis in case of prolonged exposure to iodine radioisotopes: pharmacokinetic studies in adult rats - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Pharmaceutical Research Year : 2019

Repeated KI prophylaxis in case of prolonged exposure to iodine radioisotopes: pharmacokinetic studies in adult rats

Abstract

Purpose To propose a new and effective dose regimen for stable potassium iodide (KI) repeated prophylaxis in case of prolonged exposure to radioactive iodine. Methods The pharmacokinetics of iodine was determined in rats by compartmental analyses after intravenous and oral administrations of the optimal dose of 1 mg/kg KI, which was previously selected in a dose-effect study. The thyroid protection against iodine-125 incorporation was followed during 24 h after a single oral dosing of KI. A repeated KI prophylaxis was modeled using initial estimates of iodine pharmacokinetic parameters. Results A dose regimen consisting in administrations of 1 mg/kg daily for 8 days was selected and studied. Plasma iodine concentrations predicted by simulation were verified by experimental data and varied after the third dose of KI between 174 and 1190 μg/l. The inhibition study of iodine-125 binding in the thyroid as a function of the time showed that the protection effect of KI could be correlated to stable iodine plasma concentrations. Hence, a theoretical decrease in iodine-125 thyroid uptake from 63 to 88% could be achieved in a 24 h-interval between two KI doses. Conclusion Given the satisfactory levels of thyroid protection, this dose regimen could be envisaged in order to extent KI indications for repeated prophylaxis.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
0000161787_002.PDF (11.23 Mo) Télécharger le fichier
Origin : Files produced by the author(s)
Loading...

Dates and versions

hal-02881796 , version 1 (08-07-2020)

Identifiers

Cite

G. Phan, R. Chioukh, D. Suhard, A. Legrand, C. Moulin, et al.. Repeated KI prophylaxis in case of prolonged exposure to iodine radioisotopes: pharmacokinetic studies in adult rats. Pharmaceutical Research, 2019, 35 (12), pp.227. ⟨10.1007/s11095-018-2515-1⟩. ⟨hal-02881796⟩
44 View
68 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Facebook Twitter LinkedIn More