Assessment of AlGaN/AlN superlattices on GaN nanowires as active region of electron-pumped ultraviolet sources - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Nanotechnology Year : 2020

Assessment of AlGaN/AlN superlattices on GaN nanowires as active region of electron-pumped ultraviolet sources

Abstract

In this paper, we describe the design and characterization of 400 nm long (88 periods) Al x Ga1−x N/AlN (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.1) quantum dot superlattices deposited on self-assembled GaN nanowires for application in electron-pumped ultraviolet sources. The optical performance of GaN/AlN superlattices on nanowires is compared with the emission of planar GaN/AlN superlattices with the same periodicity and thickness grown on bulk GaN substrates along the N-polar and metal-polar crystallographic axes. The nanowire samples are less sensitive to nonradiative recombination than planar layers, attaining internal quantum efficiencies (IQE) in excess of 60% at room temperature even under low injection conditions. The IQE remains stable for higher excitation power densities, up to 50 kW cm−2. We demonstrate that the nanowire superlattice is long enough to collect the electron–hole pairs generated by an electron beam with an acceleration voltage V A = 5 kV. At such V A, the light emitted from the nanowire ensemble does not show any sign of quenching under constant electron beam excitation (tested for an excitation power density around 8 kW cm−2 over the scale of minutes). Varying the dot/barrier thickness ratio and the Al content in the dots, the nanowire peak emission can be tuned in the range from 340 to 258 nm.
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Dates and versions

hal-02869555 , version 1 (22-04-2021)

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Ioanna Dimkou, A Harikumar, F. Donatini, J. Lähnemann, M. den Hertog, et al.. Assessment of AlGaN/AlN superlattices on GaN nanowires as active region of electron-pumped ultraviolet sources. Nanotechnology, 2020, 31 (20), pp.204001. ⟨10.1088/1361-6528/ab704d⟩. ⟨hal-02869555⟩
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