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Journal Articles Water Research Year : 2011

Biologically induced phosphorus precipitation in aerobic granular sludge process

Abstract

Aerobic granular sludge is a promising process for nutrient removal in wastewater treatment. In this work, for the first time, biologically induced precipitation of phosphorus as hydroxyl-apatite (Ca5(PO4)3(OH)) in the core of granules is demonstrated by direct spectral and optical analysis: Raman spectroscopy, Energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) coupled with Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), and X-ray diffraction analysis are performed simultaneously on aerobic granules cultivated in a batch airlift reactor for 500 days. Results reveal the presence of mineral clusters in the core of granules, concentrating all the calcium and considerable amounts of phosphorus. Hydroxyapatite appears as the major mineral, whereas other minor minerals could be transiently produced but not appreciably accumulated. Biologically induced precipitation was responsible for 45% of the overall P removal in the operating conditions tested, with pH varying from 7.8 to 8.8. Major factors influencing this phenomenon (pH, anaerobic phosphate release, nitrification denitrification) need to be investigated as it is an interesting way to immobilize phosphorus in a stable and valuable product.
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Dates and versions

hal-02652915 , version 1 (21-01-2022)

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Angela Manas, Biscans Beatrice, Mathieu Sperandio. Biologically induced phosphorus precipitation in aerobic granular sludge process. Water Research, 2011, 45 (12), pp.3776-3786. ⟨10.1016/J.WATRES.2011.04.031⟩. ⟨hal-02652915⟩
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