Sex allocation in haplodiploids is mediated by egg size: evidence in the spider mite Tetranychus urticae Koch - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences Year : 2011

Sex allocation in haplodiploids is mediated by egg size: evidence in the spider mite Tetranychus urticae Koch

Abstract

Haplodiploid species display extraordinary sex ratios. However, a differential investment in male and female offspring might also be achieved by a differential provisioning of eggs, as observed in birds and lizards. We investigated this hypothesis in the haplodiploid spider mite Tetranychus urticae, which displays highly female-biased sex ratios.We show that egg size significantly determines not only larval size, juvenile survival and adult size, but also fertilization probability, as in marine invertebrates with external fertilization, so that female (fertilized) eggs are significantly larger than male (unfertilized) eggs. Moreover, females with on average larger eggs before fertilization produce a more female-biased sex ratio afterwards. Egg size thus mediates sex-specific egg provisioning, sex and offspring sex ratio. Finally, sex-specific egg provisioning has another major consequence: male eggs produced by mated mothers are smaller than male eggs produced by virgins, and this size difference persists in adults. Virgin females might thus have a (male) fitness advantage over mated females.

Dates and versions

hal-02644538 , version 1 (28-05-2020)

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Emilie Macke, Sara Magalhães, Hong Do-Thi Khan, Anthony Luciano, Adrien Frantz, et al.. Sex allocation in haplodiploids is mediated by egg size: evidence in the spider mite Tetranychus urticae Koch. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 2011, 278 (1708), pp.1054-1063. ⟨10.1098/rspb.2010.1706⟩. ⟨hal-02644538⟩
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