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Journal Articles The Journal of Chemical Physics Year : 2020

Quantifying the error of the core-valence separation approximation


For the calculation of core-excited states probed through X-ray absorption spectroscopy, the core-valence separation (CVS) scheme has become a vital tool. This approach allows to target such states with high specificity, albeit introducing an error. We report the implementation of a post-processing step for CVS excitations obtained within the algebraic-diagrammatic construction scheme for the polarisation propagator (ADC), which removes this error. Based on this we provide a detailed analysis of the CVS scheme, identifying its accuracy to be dominated by an error balance between two neglected couplings, one between core and valence single excitations and one between single and double core excitations. The selection of the basis set is shown to be vital for a proper description of both couplings, with tight polarising functions being necessary for a good balance of errors. The CVS error is confirmed to be stable across multiple systems, with an element-specific spread of only about $\pm$0.02 eV. A systematic lowering of the CVS error by 0.02-0.03 eV is noted when considering excitations to extremely diffuse states, emulating ionisation.

Dates and versions

hal-02571660 , version 1 (13-05-2020)



Michael F. Herbst, Thomas Fransson. Quantifying the error of the core-valence separation approximation. The Journal of Chemical Physics, 2020, ⟨10.1063/5.0013538⟩. ⟨hal-02571660⟩
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