Preservation bias in the Fezouata Shale. - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Paléobios Year : 2019

Preservation bias in the Fezouata Shale.

Abstract

Exceptionally preserved biotas have been providing crucial paleontological data on the earliest major pulses of animal evolution – the Cambrian Explosion and the Ordovician radiation – for over 100 years. The Fezouata Shale is the only Ordovician formation to yield a diverse exceptionally preserved biota, yet the mechanism behind the preservation of soft parts in this formation and the potential of the Fezouata Shale depositsto reveal accurate snapshots of early animal life remain poorly understood. Here, based on two recently drilled cores, we constrain facies controls over the exceptional preservation of the Fezouata Biota. We find that the mechanisms leading to soft part preservation in some distal facies of this formation are strikingly different from those at play in Cambrian deposits. In addition to that, based on an original database, we compare the preservation potential of this new mechanism to the processes operating for Cambrian soft tissue preservation in the Burgess Shale and the Chengjiang Biota. Using a statistical approach,we show that the spatial distribution and type of soft tissues preserved are significantly different betweenCambrian biotas and theFezouata Shale, which is distorting to a variable extent our knowledge on the original diversity in ancient paleoenvironments. Constraining this bias is essential to correctly reconstruct paleoecological and evolutionary scenarios.
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Dates and versions

hal-02405955 , version 1 (13-11-2020)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : hal-02405955 , version 1

Cite

Farid Saleh, Jonathan Antcliffe, Allison Daley, Pierre Sansjofre, Stefan Lalonde, et al.. Preservation bias in the Fezouata Shale.. Paléobios, 2019, 36 ((suppl. 1)), pp.307-308. ⟨hal-02405955⟩
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