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Conference Papers Year : 2019

A formal requirements modeling approach: application to rail communication


This paper is about the formal specification of requirements of a rail communication protocol called Saturn, proposed by ClearSy systems engineering, a French company specialised in safety critical systems. The protocol was developed and implemented within a rail product, widely used, without modeling, verifying and even documenting its requirements. This paper outlines the formal specification, verification and validation of Saturn’s requirements in order to guarantee its correct behavior and to allow the definition of slightly different product lines. The specification is performed according to SysML/KAOS, a formal requirements engineering method developed in the ANR FORMOSE project for critical and complex systems. System requirements, captured with a goal modeling language, give rise to the behavioral part of a B System specification. In addition, an ontology modeling language allows the specification of domain entities and properties. The domain models thus obtained are used to d erive the structural part of the B System specification obtained from system requirements. The B System model, once completed with the body of events, can then be verified and validated using the whole range of tools that support the B method. Five refinement levels of the rail communication protocol were constructed. The method has proven useful. However, several missing features were identified. This paper also provides a formally defined extension of the modeling languages to fill the shortcomings.
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hal-02403931 , version 1 (11-12-2019)



Steve Jeffrey Tueno Fotso, Régine Laleau, Hector Ruiz Barradas, Marc Frappier, Amel Mammar. A formal requirements modeling approach: application to rail communication. ICSOFT 2019: 14th International Conference on Software Technologies, Jul 2019, Prague, Czech Republic. pp.170-177, ⟨10.5220/0007809701700177⟩. ⟨hal-02403931⟩
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