Variations in gastrointestinal lipases, pH and bile acid levels with food intake, age and diseases: Possible impact on oral lipid-based drug delivery systems - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews Year : 2019

Variations in gastrointestinal lipases, pH and bile acid levels with food intake, age and diseases: Possible impact on oral lipid-based drug delivery systems

Abstract

The lipids and some surfactants present in oral lipid-based drug delivery systems are potential substrates for the various lipases involved in gastrointestinal (GI) lipolysis. The levels of these enzymes, together with pH and biliairy secretion, are important parameters that condition the fate of lipid-based formulations (LBF) and the dispersion, solubilization and absorption of lipophilic drugs in the GI tract. Since in vitro methods of digestion are now combined with dissolution assays for a better assessment of LBF performance, it is essential to have a basic knowledge on lipase, pH and bile acid (BA) levels in vivo to develop relevant in vitro models. While these parameters and their variations in healthy subjects are today well documented, in vivo data on specific populations (age groups, patients with various diseases, patients with treatment affecting GI tract parameters, …) are scarce and obtaining them from clinical studies is sometimes difficult due to ethical limitations. Here we collected some in vivo data already available on the levels of digestive lipases, gastric and intestinal pH, and BAs at various ages and in patients with exocrine pancreatic insufficiency, a pathological situation that leads to drastic changes in GI tract parameters and impacts pharmacological treatments.
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Dates and versions

hal-02326907 , version 1 (16-11-2020)

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Sawsan Amara, Claire Bourlieu, Lydie Humbert, Dominique Rainteau, Frédéric Carrière. Variations in gastrointestinal lipases, pH and bile acid levels with food intake, age and diseases: Possible impact on oral lipid-based drug delivery systems. Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews, 2019, 142, pp.3-15. ⟨10.1016/j.addr.2019.03.005⟩. ⟨hal-02326907⟩
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