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Poster Communications Year : 2019

Towards a domain ontology dedicated to the description of anthropogenic traces in rock art

Vers une ontologie de domaine dédiée à la description des traces anthropiques dans l'art pariétal


The Franco-Cantabrian region occupies an important place in the distribution of Palaeolithic cave art in Europe. Successive discoveries have indeed led to extensive studies of cave art, involving teams composed of experts from different professional fields. The collaboration of these multidisciplinary teams implies manipulation of heterogeneous data sets. The inherent question concerns the semantic articulation of the produced elements and moreover the structuration of heterogeneous data. How are the analytical elements produced by different experts semantically linked ? What are the terminology repositories and the controlled vocabularies of the domain ? How to structure and articulate this heterogeneous data in order to cross-reference it and thusly extract the potential knowledge encompassed ? Aiming towards a domain ontology, a knowledge conceptual model for the description of anthropogenic traces, this work states the adopted methodology. Archeological documentation and controlled vocabulary represent effectively a consequential source of domain terminology, participating in the conceptual modelling of 5 top-level classes. Representing human-made markings, anthropogenic traces are at the heart of the proposed ontology. Their support, theme, representation technique and finally the alteration acting on the support represent the following classes. These are considered to be necessary and sufficient for the anthropogenic traces description. Their sub-classes are thereafter developed and questionned. These classes and their properties are to be merged with the CIDOC Conceptual Reference Model and its extensions. The proposed ontology can serve as a basis for a possible information system and is a response to a need for semantic structuring of heterogeneous data. This articulation of the analytical elements produced within a domain is indeed interesting from the perspective of the extraction of new knowledge resulting from a crossing of information layers. This work is part of a larger project and is intended to be implemented within an information system. The conceptual modelling of the proposed classes remains nevertheless to be evaluated through experimentation by the experts in the field.
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Dates and versions

hal-02319403 , version 1 (17-10-2019)


  • HAL Id : hal-02319403 , version 1


Alexandra Stoleru. Towards a domain ontology dedicated to the description of anthropogenic traces in rock art. DARIAH Annual Event 2019: Humanities Data, May 2019, Varsovie, Poland. . ⟨hal-02319403⟩


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