Novel base-pairing interactions at the tRNA wobble position crucial for accurate reading of the genetic code - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Nature Communications Year : 2016

Novel base-pairing interactions at the tRNA wobble position crucial for accurate reading of the genetic code

Abstract

Posttranscriptional modifications at the wobble position of transfer RNAs play a substantial role in deciphering the degenerate genetic code on the ribosome. The number and variety of modifications suggest different mechanisms of action during messenger RNA decoding, of which only a few were described so far. Here, on the basis of several 70S ribosome complex X-ray structures, we demonstrate how Escherichia coli tRNA(Lys)(UUU) with hypermodified 5-methylaminomethyl-2-thiouridine (mnm(5)s(2)U) at the wobble position discriminates between cognate codons AAA and AAG, and near-cognate stop codon UAA or isoleucine codon AUA, with which it forms pyrimidine-pyrimidine mismatches. We show that mnm(5)s(2)U forms an unusual pair with guanosine at the wobble position that expands general knowledge on the degeneracy of the genetic code and specifies a powerful role of tRNA modifications in translation. Our models consolidate the translational fidelity mechanism proposed previously where the steric complementarity and shape acceptance dominate the decoding mechanism.

Dates and versions

hal-02294521 , version 1 (23-09-2019)

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Alexey Rozov, Natalia Demeshkina, Iskander Khusainov, Eric Westhof, Marat M. Yusupov, et al.. Novel base-pairing interactions at the tRNA wobble position crucial for accurate reading of the genetic code. Nature Communications, 2016, 7 (1), pp.10457. ⟨10.1038/ncomms10457⟩. ⟨hal-02294521⟩
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