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Journal Articles Journal of Magnetic Resonance Year : 2019

A fast MOSFET rf switch for low-field NMR and MRI

Abstract

TRansmit Array Spatial Encoding (TRASE) MRI uses trains of rf pulses alternately produced by distinct transmit coils. Commonly used coil switching involving PIN diodes is too slow for low- and ultra-lowfield MRI and would introduce wait times between pulses typically as long as each individual pulse in a few mT. A MOSFET-based rf switch is described and characterised. Up to hundreds of kHz, it allows for sub-ls switching of rf currents from a single amplifier to several coils with sufficient isolation ratio and negligible delay between pulses. Additionally, current switching at null current and maximum voltage can be used to abruptly stop or start pulses in series-tuned rf coils, therefore avoiding the rise and fall times associated with the Q-factors. RF energy can be efficiently stored in tuning capacitors for times as long as several seconds. Besides TRASE MRI, this energy storage approach may find applications in fast repeated spin-echo experiments. Here, a threefold acceleration of TRASE phase-encoding is demonstrated when MOSFET switches are used instead of fast reed relays.
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Dates and versions

hal-02266979 , version 1 (02-09-2019)
hal-02266979 , version 2 (31-10-2019)
hal-02266979 , version 3 (31-05-2022)

Licence

Attribution - NonCommercial

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Pierre-Jean Nacher, Sashika Kumaragamage, Geneviève Tastevin, Christopher P. Bidinosti. A fast MOSFET rf switch for low-field NMR and MRI. Journal of Magnetic Resonance, 2019, 310, pp.106638. ⟨10.1016/j.jmr.2019.106638⟩. ⟨hal-02266979v3⟩
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