Optogenetic Tractography for anatomo-functional characterization of cortico-subcortical neural circuits in non-human primates - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Scientific Reports Year : 2018

Optogenetic Tractography for anatomo-functional characterization of cortico-subcortical neural circuits in non-human primates

H J Stewart
  • Function : Author
C Pouzat
E S Boyden
  • Function : Author
K A Mitrophanous
  • Function : Author

Abstract

Dissecting neural circuitry in non-human primates (NHP) is crucial to identify potential neuromodulation anatomical targets for the treatment of pharmacoresistant neuropsychiatric diseases by electrical neuromodulation. How targets of deep brain stimulation (DBS) and cortical targets of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) compare and might complement one another is an important question. Combining optogenetics and tractography may enable anatomo-functional characterization of large brain cortico-subcortical neural pathways. For the proof-of-concept this approach was used in the NHP brain to characterize the motor cortico-subthalamic pathway (m_CSP) which might be involved in DBS action mechanism in Parkinson's disease (PD). Rabies-G-pseudotyped and Rabies-G-VSVg-pseudotyped EIAV lentiviral vectors encoding the opsin ChR2 gene were stereotaxically injected into the subthalamic nucleus (STN) and were retrogradely transported to the layer of the motor cortex projecting to STN. A precise anatomical mapping of this pathway was then performed using histologyguided high angular resolution MRI tractography guiding accurately cortical photostimulation of m_CSP origins. Photoexcitation of m_CSP axon terminals or m_CSP cortical origins modified the spikes distribution for photosensitive STN neurons firing rate in non-equivalent ways. Optogenetic tractography might help design preclinical neuromodulation studies in NHP models of neuropsychiatric disease choosing the most appropriate target for the tested hypothesis. Designing electrical neuromodulation treatments that are more specific, efficient and therefore safer for neuropsychiatric diseases requires an accurate understanding of the brain anatomy and its relationship to function. The use of non-human primates (NHP) as a model to validate novel invasive therapeutic neuromodulation
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
s41598-018-21486-8.pdf (1.62 Mo) Télécharger le fichier
Origin : Publisher files allowed on an open archive

Dates and versions

hal-04474162 , version 1 (22-02-2024)

Identifiers

Cite

S Senova, C Poupon, J Dauguet, H J Stewart, G P Dugué, et al.. Optogenetic Tractography for anatomo-functional characterization of cortico-subcortical neural circuits in non-human primates. Scientific Reports, 2018, 8 (1), pp.3362. ⟨10.1038/s41598-018-21486-8⟩. ⟨hal-04474162⟩
74 View
6 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Facebook X LinkedIn More