On dynamic behavior of bone: experimental and numerical study of porcine ribs subjected to impact loads in dynamic three-point bending tests - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of the mechanical behavior of biomedical materials Year : 2019

On dynamic behavior of bone: experimental and numerical study of porcine ribs subjected to impact loads in dynamic three-point bending tests

Le comportement dynamique des os: expérimentations et des simulations des côtes de porc soumises aux impacts en flexion trois points en dynamique rapide

Abstract

This study covers the characterization of the dynamic behavior of isolated porcine ribs based on experimental and numerical approaches. A Split Hopkinson Pressure Bar (SHPB) setup for three-point bending tests was used. Data of 20 tests were considered to be comprehensible for experimental characterization, thereby, showing an influence of strain rate on both time for fracture and amplitudes of force response. A three-dimensional porcine rib model was generated from the DICOM (Digital Imaging and Communication in Medicine) images of High-Resolution peripheral Quantitative Computed Tomography (HR-pQCT) scans. Material properties having been fitted by power law regression equations based on apparent density were assigned to the numerical rib. A modified elastic-plastic constitutive law, capable of considering the effects of strain rate was adopted. An incremental and stress-state dependent damage law, capable of considering effects of strain rate on fracture propagation, non-linear damage accumulation and instabilities was coupled to the constitutive law. The Finite Element (FE) model shows high efficiency in predicting both force-displacement curve and the fracture patterns of tested ribs. Predictions prove the ability of the proposed model to investigate the fracture behavior of human ribs under dynamic loads.
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Dates and versions

hal-02137595 , version 1 (23-05-2019)
hal-02137595 , version 2 (28-05-2019)

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Aravind Rajan Ayagara, André Langlet, Ridha Hambli. On dynamic behavior of bone: experimental and numerical study of porcine ribs subjected to impact loads in dynamic three-point bending tests. Journal of the mechanical behavior of biomedical materials, In press, ⟨10.1016/j.jmbbm.2019.05.031⟩. ⟨hal-02137595v2⟩
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