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Journal Articles (Review Article) Science of the Total Environment Year : 2019

Urban ecology, stakeholders and the future of ecology

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Apolline Auclerc
Etienne Bérille
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Philippe Billet
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  • PersonId : 946031
Jean-Noël Consalès
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  • PersonId : 1011902
Cédric Devigne
Véronique Dham
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Anne Gaillard
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Emmanuelle Gonzalez
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Marianne Hédont
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Anne-Marie Le Bastard
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Marion Veyrières
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Abstract

The world human population is more and more urban and cities have a strong impact on the biosphere. This explains the development of urban ecology. In this context, the goal of our work is fourfold: to describe the diversity of scientific questions in urban ecology, show how these questions are organized, to assess how these questions can be built in close interactions with stakeholders, to better understand the role urban ecology can play within ecological sciences. A workshop with scientists from all relevant fields (from ecology to sociology) and stakeholders was organized by the Foundation for Research on Biodiversity (FRB). Three types of scientific issues were outlined about (1) the biodiversity of organisms living in urban areas, (2) the functioning of urban organisms and ecosystems, (3) interactions between human societies and urban ecological systems. For all types of issues we outlined it was possible to distinguish both fundamental and applied scientific questions. This allowed building a unique research agenda encompassing all possible types of scientific issues in urban ecology. As all types of ecological and evolutionary questions can be asked in urban areas, urban ecology will likely be more and more influential in the development of ecology. Taken together, the future of towns, their biodiversity and the life of city dwellers is at stake. Increasing the space for ecosystems and biodiversity within towns is more and more viewed as crucial for the well-being of town dwellers. Depending on research and the way its results are taken into account, very different towns could emerge. Urban areas can be viewed as a test and a laboratory for the future of the interactions between human and ecological systems.
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Dates and versions

hal-02116373 , version 1 (03-07-2019)

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Sébastien Barot, Luc Abbadie, Apolline Auclerc, Carole Barthelemy, Etienne Bérille, et al.. Urban ecology, stakeholders and the future of ecology. Science of the Total Environment, 2019, 667, pp.475-484. ⟨10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.02.410⟩. ⟨hal-02116373⟩
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