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Journal Articles American Journal of Physical Anthropology Year : 2018

Genetic structure and sex-biased gene flow in the history of southern African populations

Vladimir Bajić
  • Function : Author
Chiara Barbieri
Alexander Hübner
Tom Tom Güldemann
  • Function : Author
Christfried Naumann
  • Function : Author
Linda Gerlach
  • Function : Author
Falko Berthold
  • Function : Author
Hirosi Nakagawa
  • Function : Author
Sununguko W Mpoloka
  • Function : Author
Josephine Purps
  • Function : Author
Mark Stoneking
Brigitte Pakendorf

Abstract

Objectives: We investigated the genetic history of southern African populations with a special focus on their paternal history. We reexamined previous claims that the Y-chromosome hap-logroup E1b1b (E-M293) was brought to southern Africa by pastoralists from eastern Africa, and investigated patterns of sex-biased gene flow in southern Africa. Materials and methods: We analyzed previously published complete mtDNA genome sequences and 900 kb of NRY sequences from 23 populations from Namibia, Botswana, and Zambia, as well as haplogroup frequencies from a large sample of southern African populations and 23 newly genotyped Y-linked STR loci for samples assigned to haplogroup E1b1b. Results: Our results support an eastern African origin for Y-chromosome haplogroup E1b1b (E-M293); however, its current distribution in southern Africa is not strongly associated with pasto-ralism, suggesting more complex demographic events and/or changes in subsistence practices in this region. The Bantu expansion in southern Africa had a notable genetic impact and was probably a rapid, male-dominated expansion. Our finding of a significant increase in the intensity of the sex-biased gene flow from north to south may reflect changes in the social dynamics between Khoisan and Bantu groups over time. Conclusions: Our study shows that the population history of southern Africa has been complex, with different immigrating groups mixing to different degrees with the autochthonous populations. The Bantu expansion led to heavily sex-biased admixture as a result of interactions between Khoisan females and Bantu males, with a geographic gradient which may reflect changes in the social dynamics between Khoisan and Bantu groups over time.
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Dates and versions

hal-01960263 , version 1 (25-01-2019)

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Vladimir Bajić, Chiara Barbieri, Alexander Hübner, Tom Tom Güldemann, Christfried Naumann, et al.. Genetic structure and sex-biased gene flow in the history of southern African populations. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 2018, 167 (3), pp.656-671. ⟨10.1002/ajpa.23694⟩. ⟨hal-01960263⟩
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