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Journal Articles SIAM Journal on Applied Mathematics Year : 2019

Analysis of the error in constitutive equation approach for time-harmonic elasticity imaging


We consider the identification of heterogeneous linear elastic moduli in the context of time-harmonic elastodynamics. This inverse problem is formulated as the minimization of the modified error in constitutive equation (MECE), an energy-based cost functional defined as an weighted additive combination $\mathcal{E}+\kappa\mathcal{D}$ of the error in constitutive equation (ECE) $\mathcal{E}$, expressed using an energy seminorm, and a quadratic error term $\mathcal{D}$ incorporating the kinematical measurements. MECE-based identification are known from existing computational evidence to enjoy attractive properties such as improved convexity, robustness to resonant frequencies, and tolerance to incompletely specified boundary conditions (BCs). The main goal of this work is to develop theoretical foundations, in a continuous setting, allowing to explain and justify some of the aforementioned beneficial properties, in particular addressing the general case where BCs may be underspecified. A specific feature of MECE formulations is that forward and adjoint solutions are governed by a fully coupled system, whose mathematical properties play a fundamental role in the qualitative and computational aspects of MECE minimization. We prove that this system has a unique and stable solution at any frequency, provided data is abundant enough (in a sense made precise therein) to at least compensate for any missing information on BCs. As a result, our formulation leads in such situations to a well-defined solution even though the relevant forward problem is not \emph{a priori} clearly defined. This result has practical implications such as applicability of MECE to partial interior data (with important practical applications including ultrasound elastography), convergence of finite element discretizations and differentiability of the reduced MECE functional. In addition, we establish that usual least squares and pure ECE formulations are limiting cases of MECE formulations for small and large values of $\kappa$, respectively. For the latter case, which corresponds to exact enforcement of kinematic data, we furthermore show that the reduced MECE Hessian is asymptotically positive for any parameter perturbation supported on the measurement region, thereby corroborating existing computational evidence on convexity improvement brought by MECE functionals. Finally, numerical studies that support and illustrate our theoretical findings, including a parameter reconstruction example using interior data, are presented.
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Dates and versions

hal-01948668 , version 1 (08-12-2018)
hal-01948668 , version 2 (10-12-2018)
hal-01948668 , version 3 (22-03-2019)



Wilkins Aquino, Marc Bonnet. Analysis of the error in constitutive equation approach for time-harmonic elasticity imaging. SIAM Journal on Applied Mathematics, 2019, 79, pp.822-849. ⟨10.1137/18M1231237⟩. ⟨hal-01948668v3⟩
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