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Study of the European Parliament votes through the multiple partitioning of signed multiplex networks

Nejat Arinik
Rosa Figueiredo
Vincent Labatut

Abstract

For more than a decade, graphs have been used to model the voting behavior taking place in parliaments. However, the methods described in the literature suer from several limitations. The two main ones are that 1) they rely on some temporal integration of the raw data, which causes some information loss; and/or 2) they identify groups of antagonistic voters, but not the context associated to their occurrence. In this article, we propose a novel method taking advantage of multiplex signed graphs to solve both these issues. It consists in rst partitioning separately each layer, before grouping these partitions by similarity. We show the interest of our approach by applying it to a European Parliament dataset. By comparison to existing approaches, our method has the following advantages. First, it undergoes much less of the information loss appearing when integrating the raw voting data to extract the voting similarity networks. Second, in addition to antagonistic groups of voters, it allows identifying sets of legislative propositions causing the same polarization among these groups. Third, it does not require to lter out (quasi-)unanimous propositions, or to discard week links appearing in the model for interpretation or computational purposes. Fourth, it explicitly represents abstention in each roll-call vote layer, which allows detecting relevant groups of abstentionists.
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Origin : Files produced by the author(s)
Origin : Files produced by the author(s)

Dates and versions

hal-01939888 , version 1 (29-11-2018)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : hal-01939888 , version 1

Cite

Nejat Arinik, Rosa Figueiredo, Vincent Labatut. Study of the European Parliament votes through the multiple partitioning of signed multiplex networks. 29th European Conference On Operational Research (EURO), Jul 2018, Valencia, Spain. ⟨hal-01939888⟩

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