Proteins with an alpha/beta hydrolase fold: Relationships between subfamilies in an ever-growing superfamily. - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Chemico-Biological Interactions Year : 2013

Proteins with an alpha/beta hydrolase fold: Relationships between subfamilies in an ever-growing superfamily.

Abstract

Alpha/beta hydrolases function as hydrolases, lyases, transferases, hormone precursors or transporters, chaperones or routers of other proteins. The amount of structural and functional available data related to this protein superfamily expands exponentially, as does the number of proteins classified as alpha/beta hydrolases despite poor sequence similarity and lack of experimental data. However the superfamily can be rationally divided according to sequence or structural homologies, leading to subfamilies of proteins with potentially similar functions. Since the discovery of proteins homologous to cholinesterases but devoid of enzymatic activity (e.g., the neuroligins), divergent functions have been ascribed to members of other subfamilies (e.g., lipases, dipeptidylaminopeptidase IV, etc.). To study the potentially moonlighting properties of alpha/beta hydrolases, the ESTHER database (for ESTerase and alpha/beta Hydrolase Enzymes and Relatives; http://bioweb.ensam.inra.fr/esther), which collects, organizes and disseminates structural and functional information related to alpha/beta hydrolases, has been updated with new tools and the web server interface has been upgraded. A new Overall Table along with a new Tree based on HMM models has been included to tentatively group subfamilies. These tools provide starting points for phylogenetic studies aimed at pinpointing the origin of duplications leading to paralogous genes (e.g., acetylcholinesterase versus butyrylcholinesterase, or neuroligin versus carboxylesterase). Another of our goals is to implement new tools to distinguish catalytically active enzymes from non-catalytic proteins in poorly studied or annotated subfamilies.

Dates and versions

hal-01837554 , version 1 (14-04-2023)

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Cite

Nicolas Lenfant, Thierry Hotelier, Yves Bourne, Pascale Marchot, Arnaud Chatonnet. Proteins with an alpha/beta hydrolase fold: Relationships between subfamilies in an ever-growing superfamily.. Chemico-Biological Interactions, 2013, 203 (1), pp.266-268. ⟨10.1016/j.cbi.2012.09.003⟩. ⟨hal-01837554⟩
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