A comprehensive approach of the gender bias in occupational cancer epidemiology A systematic review of lung cancer studies (2003-2014) - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles American Journal of Industrial Medicine Year : 2018

A comprehensive approach of the gender bias in occupational cancer epidemiology A systematic review of lung cancer studies (2003-2014)

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Abstract

Background - In occupational epidemiology, a male-centered perspective often predominates. We aimed to describe current research practices in terms of gender consideration at different stages of epidemiological studies. Methods - A systematic review of occupational lung cancer publications indexed in PubMed was conducted over the period 2003-2014. Articles were described according to the sex composition of their study sample. Results - In 243 studies, 7 (3%) were women-only, 101 (41%) were mixed, with a disproportionate men-to-women ratio (P50 = 3.5; P75 = 12.4). A shift was observed from mixed and unspecified source populations to men-only final samples. Our results also suggest implicit generalization of results from men-only studies, a lack of tests of interaction and often unjustified sex-adjustment for mixed studies. Conclusions - The lower proportion of women in studies cannot be fully explained by their under-representation in the target populations, since there were large numbers of women among both potentially exposed workers and patients diagnosed with lung cancer.
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Dates and versions

hal-01780219 , version 1 (27-04-2018)

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Charles-Olivier Betansedi, Patricia Vaca Vasquez, Emilie Counil. A comprehensive approach of the gender bias in occupational cancer epidemiology A systematic review of lung cancer studies (2003-2014). American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 2018, 61 (5), pp.372-382. ⟨10.1002/ajim.22823⟩. ⟨hal-01780219⟩
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