Does competition with wind-pollinated species alter Echium plantagineum's attractiveness to a common pollinator Bombus terrestris? - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Ecological Entomology Year : 2017

Does competition with wind-pollinated species alter Echium plantagineum's attractiveness to a common pollinator Bombus terrestris?

Abstract

In insect-pollinated plants, pollinator attraction is influenced by flowers (e.g. number, size) and their associated rewards (e.g. pollen, nectar). These traits can depend on plant interactions. Indeed, below-ground competition between plants can lead to a decrease in flower or reward production in insect-pollinated species. Wind-pollinated plants, in particular, which are almost never studied in plant pollinator networks, can alter insect-pollinated plants' attractiveness through competition for nutrients. The response of pollinators to such changes has never been investigated. A pot experiment was carried out in which an insect-pollinated species, Echium plantagineum, was grown in binary mixture with three wind-pollinated species selected to exert a panel of competitive interactions. Below-ground competition was controlled using dividers limiting interspecific root competition. Floral traits of E. plantugineum (i.e. flower production, floral display size, flower size and nectar production) were measured. For each species mixture, the visits (i.e. first visit, number of visits, 10-min sequences) of Bombus terrestris individuals released in a flight cage containing two pots were followed, one with and one without below-ground competition. Below-ground competition significantly affected nectar's sucrose concentration but did not influence flower and nectar production. Likewise, pollinator visits were not influenced by below-ground competition. Competitor identity significantly influenced flower and reward production of E. plantagineum, with a decrease in the presence of the most competitive wind-pollinated species. A tendency for faster flower visitation events was also detected in the presence of the least competitive competitor. This study raises new questions regarding the influence of wind-pollinated plants on plant pollinator interactions.
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hal-01681586 , version 1 (26-04-2018)

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Floriane Flacher, Amandine Hansart, Eric Motard, Abdou Moutalab Fofana, Oceane Vincent, et al.. Does competition with wind-pollinated species alter Echium plantagineum's attractiveness to a common pollinator Bombus terrestris?. Ecological Entomology, 2017, 42 (5), pp.617-628. ⟨10.1111/een.12426⟩. ⟨hal-01681586⟩
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