Elevated CO2 mediates the short-term drought recovery of ecosystem function in low-diversity grassland systems - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Plant and Soil Year : 2017

Elevated CO2 mediates the short-term drought recovery of ecosystem function in low-diversity grassland systems

Abstract

Background and aims Ecosystems are expected to experience simultaneous environmental changes. This study examines the interactive effects of atmospheric CO2 and plant community composition on grassland ecosystem functioning after a severe drought. Methods Monocultures of the grass Dactylis glomerata were compared to a four-species grassland community under ambient and elevated CO2, with or without drought. Greenhouse gas fluxes, C and N pools in plants and soil were measured over a 55-day, post-rewetting period for all mesocosms. Results Experimental drought reduced aboveground biomass production, but increased soil inorganic N and dissolved organic C (DOC) across CO2 and community composition treatments. Following rewetting, droughted mesocosms had lower ecosystem respiration and higher N2O emissions. After 55 days, negative drought effects persisted on above- and belowground C stocks and root N stocks. Elevated CO2 reduced the magnitude of drought effects on ecosystem respiration, N2O fluxes and plant C:N ratios but increased drought-induced changes to soil DOC. The four-species mixture buffered ecosystem respiration from drought effects, but showed higher drought-induced increases in soil inorganic N shortly after rewetting. Conclusions Elevated CO2 mitigates the effects of extreme drought on multiple grassland functions. In contrast, grassland composition appears to have mainly additive effects with drought and elevated CO2 in our simple sown systems.
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Dates and versions

hal-01635897 , version 1 (15-11-2017)

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Audrey Niboyet, Gérard Bardoux, Sébastien Barot, Juliette Bloor. Elevated CO2 mediates the short-term drought recovery of ecosystem function in low-diversity grassland systems. Plant and Soil, 2017, 420, ⟨10.1007/s11104-017-3377-8⟩. ⟨hal-01635897⟩
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