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Journal Articles Photochemistry and Photobiology Year : 2015

Oxidatively Generated Damage to Cellular DNA by UVB and UVA Radiation

Abstract

This review article focuses on a critical survey of the main available information on the UVB and UVA oxidative reactions to cellular DNA as the result of direct interactions of UV photons, photosensitized pathways and biochemical responses including inflammation and bystander effects. UVA radiation appears to be much more efficient than UVB in inducing oxidatively generated damage to the bases and 2-deoxyribose moieties of DNA in isolated cells and skin. The UVA-induced generation of 8-oxo-7,8-dihydroguanine is mostly rationalized in terms of selective guanine oxidation by singlet oxygen generated through type II photosensitization mechanism. In addition, hydroxyl radical whose formation may be accounted for by metal-catalyzed Haber-Weiss reactions subsequent to the initial generation of superoxide anion radical contributes in a minor way to the DNA degradation. This leads to the formation of both oxidized purine and pyrimidine bases together with DNA single-strand breaks at the exclusion, however, of direct double-strand breaks. No evidence has been provided so far for the implication of delayed oxidative degradation pathways of cellular DNA. In that respect putative characteristic UVA-induced DNA damage could include single and more complex lesions arising from one-electron oxidation of the guanine base together with aldehyde adducts to amino-substituted nucleobases.

Dates and versions

hal-01587600 , version 1 (14-09-2017)

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Cite

Jean Cadet, Thierry Douki, Jean-Luc Ravanat. Oxidatively Generated Damage to Cellular DNA by UVB and UVA Radiation. Photochemistry and Photobiology, 2015, 91 (1), pp.140-155. ⟨10.1111/php.12368⟩. ⟨hal-01587600⟩
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