Do forests represent a long-term source of contaminated particulate matter in the Fukushima Prefecture? - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Environmental Management Year : 2016

Do forests represent a long-term source of contaminated particulate matter in the Fukushima Prefecture?

Abstract

The Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP) accident resulted in radiocesium fallout contaminating coastal catchments of the Fukushima Prefecture. As the decontamination effort progresses, the potential downstream migration of radiocesium contaminated particulate matter from forests, which cover over 65% of the most contaminated region, requires investigation. Carbon and nitrogen elemental concentrations and stable isotope ratios are thus used to model the relative contributions of forest, cultivated and subsoil sources to deposited particulate matter in three contaminated coastal catchments. Samples were taken from the main identified sources: cultivated (n ¼ 28), forest (n ¼ 46), and subsoils (n ¼ 25). Deposited particulate matter (n ¼ 82) was sampled during four fieldwork campaigns from November 2012 to November 2014. A distribution modelling approach quantified relative source contributions with multiple combinations of element parameters (carbon only, nitrogen only, and four parameters) for two particle size fractions (<63 mm and <2 mm). Although there was significant particle size enrichment for the particulate matter parameters, these differences only resulted in a 6% (SD 3%) mean difference in relative source contributions. Further, the three different modelling approaches only resulted in a 4% (SD 3%) difference between relative source contributions. For each particulate matter sample, six models (i.e. <63 mm and <2 mm from the three modelling approaches) were used to incorporate a broader definition of potential uncertainty into model results. Forest sources were modelled to contribute 17% (SD 10%) of particulate matter indicating they present a long term potential source of radiocesium contaminated material in fallout impacted catchments. Subsoils contributed 45% (SD 26%) of particulate matter and cultivated sources contributed 38% (SD 19%). The reservoir of radio-cesium in forested landscapes in the Fukushima region represents a potential long-term source of particulate contaminated matter that will require diligent management for the foreseeable future.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
Laceby_2016_Do_forests.pdf (3.63 Mo) Télécharger le fichier
Origin : Files produced by the author(s)
Loading...

Dates and versions

hal-01587510 , version 1 (20-10-2017)

Identifiers

Cite

J. Patrick Laceby, Sylvain Huon, Yuichi Onda, Veronique Vaury, O. Evrard. Do forests represent a long-term source of contaminated particulate matter in the Fukushima Prefecture?. Journal of Environmental Management, 2016, 183, pp.742 - 753. ⟨10.1016/j.jenvman.2016.09.020⟩. ⟨hal-01587510⟩
471 View
170 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Facebook X LinkedIn More