Review: Wind impacts on plant growth, mechanics and damage - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles (Review Article) Plant Science Year : 2016

Review: Wind impacts on plant growth, mechanics and damage


Land plants have adapted to survive under a range of wind climates and this involve changes in chemical composition, physical structure and morphology at all scales from the cell to the whole plant. Under strong winds plants can re-orientate themselves, reconfigure their canopies, or shed needles, leaves and branches in order to reduce the drag. If the wind is too strong the plants oscillate until the roots or stem fail. The mechanisms of root and stem failure are very similar in different plants although the exact details of the failure may be different. Cereals and other herbaceous crops can often recover after wind damage and even woody plants can partially recovery if there is sufficient access to water and nutrients. Wind damage can have major economic impacts on crops, forests and urban trees. This can be reduced by management that is sensitive to the local site and climatic conditions and accounts for the ability of plants to acclimate to their local wind climate. Wind is also a major disturbance in many plant ecosystems and can play a crucial role in plant regeneration and the change of successional stage.
No file

Dates and versions

hal-01509033 , version 1 (15-04-2017)



Barry Gardiner, Peter Berry, Bruno Moulia. Review: Wind impacts on plant growth, mechanics and damage. Plant Science, 2016, 245, pp.94-118. ⟨10.1016/j.plantsci.2016.01.006⟩. ⟨hal-01509033⟩
190 View
0 Download



Gmail Facebook Twitter LinkedIn More