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Journal Articles Journal of Applied Polymer Science Year : 2016

Influence of the environment during a photodegradation of multilayer films


The influence of different stratosphere parameters on the degradation of a multilayer film was investigated. The selected multilayer was a three polymeric layers film, a polyamide 6 film inserted between two poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) films. Samples were exposed for several ageing under ultraviolet radiations (filtered at 270 nm), varying the atmosphere at 55 mbar pressure (atm, atm + ozone, N2, and T = −55 °C or +23 °C). Evolution of it mechanical properties defined by uniaxial tractions, thermo-optical properties defined by spectrophotometry UV–vis-NIR, chemical properties defined by FTIR-ATR, and thermal and dielectric properties defined, respectively, by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and dynamical dielectric spectroscopy (DDS), were investigated. Our results showed that UV irradiation causes multilayer films degradations, that is, principally decrease of UV transmittance and stress and strain at break (−50%). An increase of the ageing temperature causes an acceleration of these degradations. Degradations principally occur on the PET side of the multilayer exposed to UV radiation. Moreover, the DDS analysis shows a plasticization effect of the primary mode in the polyamide 6 due to photo-oxidation. Oxygen diffusion is the principal element for this plasticization, indeed it not occurs in a nonoxidative environment (nitrogen), or at low ageing temperature (−55 °C).
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hal-01467061 , version 1 (14-02-2017)



Simon Lewandowski, Virginie Rejsek-Riba, Alain Bernès, Sophie Perraud, Colette Lacabanne. Influence of the environment during a photodegradation of multilayer films. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 2016, vol. 133 (n° 41), pp. 1-7. ⟨10.1002/app.44075⟩. ⟨hal-01467061⟩
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