An Ancient Bacterial Signaling Pathway Regulates Chloroplast Function to Influence Growth and Development in Arabidopsis. - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles The Plant cell Year : 2016

An Ancient Bacterial Signaling Pathway Regulates Chloroplast Function to Influence Growth and Development in Arabidopsis.

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Abstract

The chloroplast originated from the endosymbiosis of an ancient photosynthetic bacterium by a eukaryotic cell. Remarkably, the chloroplast has retained elements of a bacterial stress response pathway that is mediated by the signaling nucleotides guanosine penta- and tetraphosphate (ppGpp). However, an understanding of the mechanism and outcomes ofppGppsignaling in the photosynthetic eukaryotes has remained elusive. Using the model plantArabidopsis thaliana, we show thatppGppis a potent regulator of chloroplast gene expression in vivo that directly reduces the quantity of chloroplast transcripts and chloroplast-encoded proteins. We then go on to demonstrate that the antagonistic functions of different plant RelA SpoT homologs together modulateppGpplevels to regulate chloroplast function and show that they are required for optimal plant growth, chloroplast volume, and chloroplast breakdown during dark-induced and developmental senescence. Therefore, our results show thatppGppsignaling is not only linked to stress responses in plants but is also an important mediator of cooperation between the chloroplast and the nucleocytoplasmic compartment during plant growth and development.

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hal-01458177 , version 1 (06-02-2017)

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Matteo Sugliani, Hela Abdelkefi, Hang Ke, Emmanuelle Bouveret, Christophe Robaglia, et al.. An Ancient Bacterial Signaling Pathway Regulates Chloroplast Function to Influence Growth and Development in Arabidopsis.. The Plant cell, 2016, 28 (3), pp.661--79. ⟨10.1105/tpc.16.00045⟩. ⟨hal-01458177⟩
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