Capacitance of two-dimensional titanium carbide (MXene) and MXene/carbon nanotube composites in organic electrolytes - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Power Sources Year : 2016

Capacitance of two-dimensional titanium carbide (MXene) and MXene/carbon nanotube composites in organic electrolytes

Abstract

Pseudocapacitive materials that store charges by fast redox reactions are promising candidates for designing high energy density electrochemical capacitors. MXenes e recently discovered twodimensional carbides, have shown excellent capacitance in aqueous electrolytes, but in a narrow potential window, which limits both the energy and power density. Here, we investigated the electrochemical behavior of Ti3C2 MXene in 1M solution of 1-ethly-3-methylimidazolium bis- (trifluoromethylsulfonyl) -imide (EMITFSI) in acetonitrile and two other common organic electrolytes. This paper describes the use of clay, delaminated and composite Ti3C2 electrodes with carbon nanotubes in order to understand the effect of the electrode architecture and composition on the electrochemical performance. Capacitance values of 85 F g-1 and 245 F cm-3 were obtained at 2 mV s-1, with a high rate capability and good cyclability. In situ X-ray diffraction study reveals the intercalation of large EMIþ cations into MXene, which leads to increased capacitance, but may also be the rate limiting factor that determines the device performance.
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Dates and versions

hal-01449637 , version 1 (30-01-2017)

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Yohan Dall’agnese, Patrick Rozier, Pierre-Louis Taberna, Yury Gogotsi, Patrice Simon. Capacitance of two-dimensional titanium carbide (MXene) and MXene/carbon nanotube composites in organic electrolytes. Journal of Power Sources, 2016, vol. 306, pp. 510-515. ⟨10.1016/j.jpowsour.2015.12.036⟩. ⟨hal-01449637⟩
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