Computational Tension Mapping of Adherent Cells Based on Actin Imaging - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles PLoS ONE Year : 2016

Computational Tension Mapping of Adherent Cells Based on Actin Imaging

Abstract

Forces transiting through the cytoskeleton are known to play a role in adherent cell activity. Up to now few approaches haves been able to determine theses intracellular forces. We thus developed a computational mechanical model based on a reconstruction of the cytoskeleton of an adherent cell from fluorescence staining of the actin network and focal adhesions ( FA). Our custom made algorithm converted the 2D image of an actin network into a map of contractile interactions inside a 2D node grid, each node representing a group of pixels. We assumed that actin filaments observed under fluorescence microscopy, appear brighter when thicker, we thus presumed that nodes corresponding to pixels with higher actin density were linked by stiffer interactions. This enabled us to create a system of heterogeneous interactions which represent the spatial organization of the contractile actin network. The contractility of this interaction system was then adapted to match the level of force the cell truly exerted on focal adhesions; forces on focal adhesions were estimated from their vinculin expressed size. This enabled the model to compute consistent mechanical forces transiting throughout the cell. After computation, we applied a graphical approach on the original actin image, which enabled us to calculate tension forces throughout the cell, or in a particular region or even in single stress fibers. It also enabled us to study different scenarios which may indicate the mechanical role of other cytoskeletal components such as microtubules. For instance, our results stated that the ratio between intra and extra cellular compression is inversely proportional to intracellular tension.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
journal.pone.0146863.PDF (5.96 Mo) Télécharger le fichier
Origin : Publication funded by an institution
Loading...

Dates and versions

hal-01443844 , version 1 (20-09-2018)

Licence

Attribution

Identifiers

Cite

Ian Manifacier, Jean-Louis Milan, Charlotte Jeanneau, Fanny Chmilewsky, Patrick Chabrand, et al.. Computational Tension Mapping of Adherent Cells Based on Actin Imaging. PLoS ONE, 2016, 11 (1), ⟨10.1371/journal.pone.0146863⟩. ⟨hal-01443844⟩
42 View
39 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Facebook X LinkedIn More