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Randomized fluid dynamics based on subgrid transport


Ensemble forecasting and filtering are widely used in geophysical sciences for numerical weather forecasting and climate projection application. In practice to be efficient these methods require an accurate physical modeling of the dynamical model errors. These errors evolve along time and strongly interact with the large-scale state variables of interest. The generic design of large-scale geophysical models incorporating errors or uncertainty is consequently far from being an easy task. To address this issue, we propose to model the unresolved velocity (the errors or uncertainties) of our fluid dynamics system by a divergence free Gaussian process correlated in space but uncorrelated in time. Within this simple assumption, the material derivative (the derivative along the flow trajectory) of a tracer has to be modified. Compared to a usual transport equation, three new terms appear in this expression: (i) a drift correction, (ii) an inhomogeneous and anisotropic diffusion and (iii) a multiplicative noise. These three terms are strongly linked together, which ensures desired properties such as energy conservation. With this stochastic version of the transport equation, it is possible to express the fundamental conservation laws of classical mechanics and to derive stochastic versions of a priori any fluid dynamics models. Following this procedure, we have derived and simulated a stochastic version of the Surface Quasi-Geostrophic (SQG) model. We have shown that the realizations of this stochastic version allows us to better resolve the small-scales in comparizon to the usual SQG model. Besides, we have evidenced that an ensemble of realization was able to accurately estimate at each time step the amplitudes and positions of the model errors in both spatial and spectral domains. In comparison a classical randomization of the initial state leads though having a similar error repartition to an underestimation of one order of magnitude. Figure 1 displays those results in the spatial domain. Our ensemble also succeeded to predict density skewness and extreme events of the tracer at small scales. The talk will explicit our stochastic version of the material derivative and comment the numerical results obtained.
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hal-01377747 , version 1 (09-11-2016)


  • HAL Id : hal-01377747 , version 1


Valentin Resseguier, Etienne Mémin, Bertrand Chapron. Randomized fluid dynamics based on subgrid transport. Workshop on Stochastic Weather Generators, May 2016, Vannes, France. ⟨hal-01377747⟩
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