Variations in soil-water use by grapevine according to plant water status and soil physical-chemical characteristics - A 3D spatio-temporal analysis. - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles European Journal of Agronomy Year : 2016

Variations in soil-water use by grapevine according to plant water status and soil physical-chemical characteristics - A 3D spatio-temporal analysis.

Abstract

Understanding plant and soil-water relationships is crucial to optimise agricultural management. In this multidisciplinary work, soil geophysics and plant physiological measurements are coupled and a statistical method is proposed to visualising plant soil-water uptake in space and time. The method is applied in a vineyard context and shows differences in the use of tranpirable soil water by grapevine according to the type of soil and the time of the day (day/night). During two years the water stress experienced by a single Chardonnay/SO4 grapevine clone was monitored both at pre-dawn and midday by leaf water potentials in two field plots exclusively differenced by soil properties. At the same time, variations of electrical resistivity were monitored through electrical resistivity tomography, and then transformed in fraction of tranpirable soil water by the use of pedotransfer functions appositely developed in these soils. Spatio-temporal variations of transpirable soil water was used to predict plant leaf water potentials and the contribution of each soil region to grapevine water status was evaluated by statistical-learning methods. Strong spatio-temporal variability was observed both vertically and laterally between the two plots and within each plot at a fine scale. Principal causes of such differences were the level of plant water stress, along the season and during the day, and differences in soil physical-chemical properties. Soil contribution to plant water status varies in space and time at a fine scale. This paper introduces a novel methodological approach, transposable in any field survey, and brings further insight in the description of plant and soil relationships.
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Dates and versions

hal-01316458 , version 1 (17-05-2016)

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Luca Brillante, Benjamin Bois, Jean Lévêque, Olivier Mathieu. Variations in soil-water use by grapevine according to plant water status and soil physical-chemical characteristics - A 3D spatio-temporal analysis.. European Journal of Agronomy, 2016, 77, pp.122-135. ⟨10.1016/j.eja.2016.04.004⟩. ⟨hal-01316458⟩
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