Seasonal and mesoscale variability of primary. production in the deep winter-mixing region of the NW Mediterranean - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers Year : 2014

Seasonal and mesoscale variability of primary. production in the deep winter-mixing region of the NW Mediterranean

Marta Estrada
Mikel Latasa
  • Function : Author
Mikhail Ernelianov
  • Function : Author
Bieito Fernandez-Castro
  • Function : Author
Beatriz Mourino-Carballido
  • Function : Author
Jordi Salat
  • Function : Author
Montserrat Vidal
  • Function : Author


The phytoplankton bloom in the Liguro-Provencal deep convection region represents one of the main fertilization mechanisms in the Mediterranean. This communication examines nano- and microphytoplankton observations, and measurements of primary production and chlorophyll a concentration (Chl a) in the southwestern part of the deep convection region, where such information is scarce. Data were obtained from four cruises, carried out in 2005 (EFLUBIO project) and 2009 (FAMOSO project), covering the seasonality between mid-March and September in the region. Our aims were to constrain primary production estimates and to ascertain the importance of short-term variability on the photosynthetic response of phytoplankton assemblages during bloom, post-bloom and late-summer stratification periods in the area. Overall, the initial slope of the P-E relationship (alpha(B)) increased and the Chl a-normalized photosynthetic rate (P-m(B)) decreased with increasing optical depth of sample origin, but there were exceptions. In general, there were marked seasonal trends, with stratification increasing and Chl a concentration, primary production and dissolved inorganic nitrogen and phosphate fluxes decreasing from winter to late summer. Chl a at 5 m depth reached a maximum of 7 mg m(-3) on 25 March 2005, one of the highest values measured in the region. Average surface values (+/- SD) ranged from respectively 2.4 +/- 2.3 mg m(-3) and 2 +/- 0.7 mg m(-3) in the March 2005 and March 2009 cruises to 0.12 +/- 0.01 mg m(-3) in the September 2009 cruise. Vertically integrated (0-80 m) primary production (PP,) attained 1800 mg C m(-2) d(-1) in March 2009, with an average of 1024 +/- 523 mg C m(-2) d(-1), and decreased to a mean of 141 +/- 0.43 mg C m(-2) d(-1) in September 2009. Superimposed to the seasonal trends, there was a considerable within-cruise variability of biomass and primary production, especially during the spring-winter bloom and post-bloom periods, when PPint could change more than threefold within a few days. These differences were mainly associated with the intense hydrographic mesoscale and sub-mesoscale heterogeneity in the region and with the differences in the physiological and ecological history of the phytoplankton communities inhabiting the different water bodies. In late summer, most PPint variability could be explained by fluctuations in surface incident irradiance. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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hal-01253988 , version 1 (11-01-2016)



Marta Estrada, Mikel Latasa, Mikhail Ernelianov, Andres Gutierrez-Rodriguez, Bieito Fernandez-Castro, et al.. Seasonal and mesoscale variability of primary. production in the deep winter-mixing region of the NW Mediterranean. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 2014, 94, pp.45-61. ⟨10.1016/j.dsr.2014.08.003⟩. ⟨hal-01253988⟩
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