Mothers and not genes determine inherited differences in cadmium sensitivities within unexposed populations of the freshwater crustacean Gammarus fossarum - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Evolutionary Applications Year : 2015

Mothers and not genes determine inherited differences in cadmium sensitivities within unexposed populations of the freshwater crustacean Gammarus fossarum

Déterminisme maternel et non génétique des sensibilités au cadmium au sein des populations du crustacés Gammarus fossarum

Abstract

Deciphering evolutionary processes occurring within contaminated populations is important for the ecological risk assessment of toxic chemicals. Whereas increased tolerance to contaminants is well documented in aquatic animal populations, whether such phenotypic changes occur through genetic adaptation is still debated. In that sense, several studies with the freshwater crustacean Gammarus concluded in a weak potential for genetic adaptation to cadmium (Cd), while others reported inheritable increased tolerance in Cd-contaminated populations. Using quantitative genetics and selection experiments, the present study sought to further assess the potential of Gammarus populations to genetically adapt to Cd. By combining the control of the reproductive cycle of this species in the laboratory and protocols of individual Cd exposure, we conducted half sib analyses to establish the genetic and environmental sources of variance in Cd-sensitivity of neonates. Prior to experiments, computations allowed optimizing the experimental design in order to increase the power to detect additive genetic variance. The main findings are the existence of strong between-brood variability along with weak heritability of Cd sensitivity within Gammarus populations. This study also revealed a significant maternal effect on individual Cd sensitivity. This sheds new light on the importance of maternal influence in micro-evolutionary processes occurring in contaminated environments.
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hal-01250213 , version 1 (04-01-2016)

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A. Vigneron, Olivier Geffard, H. Quéau, Arnaud Chaumot. Mothers and not genes determine inherited differences in cadmium sensitivities within unexposed populations of the freshwater crustacean Gammarus fossarum. Evolutionary Applications, 2015, 9 (2), 12 p. ⟨10.1111/eva.12327⟩. ⟨hal-01250213⟩

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