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Journal Articles Science Year : 2015

Structure and function of the global ocean microbiome

Samuel Chaffron
Karine Labadie
Bardya Djahanschiri
  • Function : Author
Adriana A. Alberti
Francisco M. Cornejo-Castillo
  • Function : Author
Paul I. Costea
  • Function : Author
Corinne Cruaud
Isabel Ferrera
  • Function : Author
Lionel Guidi
Florian Kokoszka
  • Function : Author
Gipsi Lima-Mendez
  • Function : Author
Julie Poulain
Bonnie T. Poulos
  • Function : Author
Marta Royo-Llonch
  • Function : Author
Hugo Sarmento
Sara Vieira-Silva
Céline Dimier
  • Function : Author
Sarah Searson
  • Function : Author
Chris Bowler
Pascal Hingamp
Daniele Iudicone
Hiroyuki Ogata
Stéphane Pesant
  • Function : Author
Sabrina Speich
  • Function : Author
Lars Stemmann
Matthew B. Sullivan
  • Function : Author
Patrick Wincker
Silvia G. Acinas
  • Function : Author


Microbes are dominant drivers of biogeochemical processes, yet drawing a global picture of functional diversity, microbial community structure, and their ecological determinants remains a grand challenge. We analyzed 7.2 terabases of metagenomic data from 243 Tara Oceans samples from 68 locations in epipelagic and mesopelagic waters across the globe to generate an ocean microbial reference gene catalog with >40 million nonredundant, mostly novel sequences from viruses, prokaryotes, and picoeukaryotes. Using 139 prokaryote-enriched samples, containing >35,000 species, we show vertical stratification with epipelagic community composition mostly driven by temperature rather than other environmental factors or geography. We identify ocean microbial core functionality and reveal that >73% of its abundance is shared with the human gut microbiome despite the physicochemical differences between these two ecosystems.
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Dates and versions

hal-01233742 , version 1 (14-04-2021)



Shinichi Sunagawa, Luis Pedro Coelho, Samuel Chaffron, Jens Roat Kultima, Karine Labadie, et al.. Structure and function of the global ocean microbiome. Science, 2015, 348 (6237), pp.1261359. ⟨10.1126/science.1261359⟩. ⟨hal-01233742⟩
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