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Journal Articles Proceedings of the Combustion Institute Year : 2015

A computational study of supersonic combustion in strut injector and hypermixer flow fields


Achieving sufficiently high combustion efficiency and stability in supersonic combustion is extremely challenging and highly dependent on the fuel-injection and mixing strategies adopted. A viable approach to this is the strut injector, which by inducing flow recirculation, facilitates flame stabilization in the strutwake. In this investigation we examine in detail the flow, mixing, self-ignition and flame stabilization mechanisms of conventional and alternating-wedge injection struts. In order to analyze these, we consider NAL’s supersonic combustor, equipped with two conventional two-stage injection struts, and an alternating-wedge injection strut, in conjunction with ONERA’s vitiation air heater. Experimental results, including spontaneous flame images, wall-pressure and Planar Laser Induced Fluorescence (PLIF) images of hydroxyl (OH) are here combined with computational results based on finite-rate chemistry Large Eddy Simulation (LES) with skeletal hydrogen-air reaction mechanisms. The spontaneous flame images and the predicted flame structures for both injector-strut types agree well qualitatively, demonstrating that combustion LES captures the overall features of the experiments. Detailed comparisons between experimental data and computational results for the wall pressure and for mean and rms OH-PLIF cross-sections show acceptable agreement, indicating that the LES results can be used to further study the intrinsic features of the flame structure and the stabilization mechanism. These results indicate significant differences in flow and flame structures between both two-stage injection struts and the alternating-wedge injection strut tested. More specifically, the longitudinal vorticity introduced by the alternating-wedge injection strut increases the combustion efficiency but results in an intermittent auto-ignition phenomenon. For the two-stage injection struts combustion consists of auto-ignition pockets surrounded by self-igniting fronts embedded in a background of non-premixed flames or stirred reactors. In contrast, the alternating-wedge injection strut vigorous combustion is observed proceeding through a multi-mode (auto-ignition, non-premixed, premixed) combustion event.
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hal-01223201 , version 1 (02-11-2015)



C. Fureby, K. Nordin-Bates, K. Petterson, A. Bresson, V. Sabelnikov. A computational study of supersonic combustion in strut injector and hypermixer flow fields. Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, 2015, 35 (2), p. 2127-2135. ⟨10.1016/j.proci.2014.06.113⟩. ⟨hal-01223201⟩
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